Carpets can be cleaned through several ways. However, the equipment used depends on the type of cleaning to be performed. Available ones are steam generators, rotating brushes and single circulating scrubbers. There needs to be a clear vision as to what goes where. The description below will help you understand the pros and cons of such cleaning better.
1. Vacuum Cleaner
A vacuum cleaner or a hoover (in British) is a device that uses an air pump to create a partial vacuum to suck up dirt and dust from the carpet or rugs. The dirt is collected through a filtering system that has to be cleaned thoroughly once in a month. The first manually-powered cleaner using vacuum principle was the ‘Whirlwind’ invented in Chicago in 1868 by Ives W. Mc Gaffney. Its only problem was that it was difficult to operate because of the need to turn a hand crank at the same time as pushing it across the floor.
With newer models, vacuum cleaner has turned out to be an easy equipment to use. According to a release by science daily, tests have shown that vacuuming can kill at least 100% of young fleas and 96% of adult fleas present in a carpet or rug. Several models or configurations of vacuum cleaners are available in the market such as upright, robotic and drum vacuum cleaners.
The performance of a vacuum cleaner can be measured by several parameters:
• airflow, in cubic feet per minute (CFM or ft³/min) or litres per second (l/s)
• air speed, in miles per hour (mph) or metres per second (m/s)
• suction, vacuum, or water lift, in inches of water or pascals (Pa)
The suction is the maximum pressure difference that the pump can create. For example, a typical domestic model has a suction of about negative 20 kPa. This means that it can lower the pressure inside the hose from normal atmospheric pressure (about 100 kPa) by 20 kPa. The higher the suction rating, the more powerful is the cleaner. One inch of water is equivalent to about 249 Pa; hence, the typical suction is 80 inches (2,000 mm) of water!
Brushes are an apt way of cleaning hair, dust or sand particles on rugs or carpets. Though used manually or fitted through different tools, these brushes however do not serve the purpose of deep cleaning. Their bristles need to be of good quality to kick off unwanted particles over the rug. Some of these brushes are:
Disk and sectional brushes- These brushes are easy to use and are made of materials like Polypropylene, Nylon, Bassine, Polyester PBT etc.
Strip brushes- These brushes are available in many forms and in various profiles. Mostly, these brushes are used for sealing of passages and sliding doors to protect against dust, draughts, water, light, heat and noise. The brush materials range from Nylon, Polypropylene, Brass, Stainless steel, Mild steel, at times horse and goat hair.
3. Steam Cleaning Machines
Steam cleaners use a boiler to heat water up to temperatures say around 240 to 310 degrees causing the water to be transformed into a very fine, dry mist. The vapour is made up of about 5 to 6% water, so surfaces dry quickly. The steam vapour’s low moisture and high temperature provides deeper cleaning because it penetrates into the pores and crevices better than topically applied cleaners.
Since steam vapour cleaners use no chemicals, there is a benefit to indoor air quality, no hazards or risks from using and storing chemicals, and no harmful chemical residue left after the cleaning process. Those who believe in steam are convinced that this type of equipment only cleans the surface of the rug and does not loosen or remove dirt deep in the pile of the rug. You can get that bottom surface dirt but you have to use a non-residue shampoo that has an enzyme to break down the oil. Once the oil is gone then the dirt has nothing to stick to. The process normally takes 24-48 hours to break down the oil.
Choose the best
While looking for any carpet cleaning equipment, it is important to consider the quality of any carpet/rug. Long pile shag rugs will require a different method of cleaning than the rugs that resemble indoor-outdoor carpet. The short pile carpet may be best cleaned by rotating brushes while deep pile carpet may be better cleaned using steam carpet cleaning equipment.